According to reports, fake chips have recently flooded the Chinese market, the world’s largest manufacturing center. Epoch TimesTherefore, as China exports finished products, these fake chips may enter other markets, so actual products containing substandard chips may be widely used.
Chip shortage brings new risks
The global chip shortage has increased the prices of components and electronic products, but another negative impact that may be brought about by tight supply is the proliferation of counterfeit chips. These products will not only destroy the user experience, but also bring security risks. Counterfeit parts may actually be effective and may even reach the correct level of performance. However, depending on how a particular part is manufactured, it may malfunction after a period of use or under certain conditions.
For small companies that do not have the ability to test all finished products, obtaining a batch of recycled or defective chips is a huge problem. But at least they can recall batches that may fail, especially batches for industries such as automobiles or healthcare.The report states that if distributors mix good parts with recycled/defective parts and sell them in bulk, real problems will arise Epoch TimesIn addition, potentially imperfect chips are sold at the same price as premium chips, which makes them more difficult to detect. In many cases, no one will know that certain devices may be damaged before they fail.
In the context of global chip shortages, the problem of counterfeit chips and potentially malfunctioning components is getting worse because manufacturers cannot allocate sufficient semiconductor production capacity, nor have sufficient packaging and testing capabilities.
Counterfeiters constantly monitor the market and understand which products are in short supply. When the earthquake and tsunami occurred in Japan in 2011, the local electrolytic capacitor supply chain was interrupted. As a result, manufacturers of motherboards and other parts had to start buying capacitors from third parties. Soon, fake capacitors entered the market, China-Germany Reported last month.
Counterfeit report database, such as You were before Help manufacturers identify counterfeit components. As of last month, experts such as Diganta Das of ERAI have not noticed a surge in the number of counterfeit component cases in the United States, but because they are widely used in China, some of these chips will inevitably enter other markets. Worse, some of them will Now prepare for a product that will fail at some point.
Fake chips, old problems
Forged chips have existed for decades. For personal computers, counterfeiters will put new marks on processors they buy from retail stores and sell slower chips at higher prices. This type of fakes was eradicated in the early 2000s, when AMD and Intel started flashing CPU models into the ROM of their processors to easily identify the marked units. For chips and components for commercial, industrial, healthcare, or military equipment, the situation is slightly different, as fraudsters can sell untested, unqualified, unqualified, marked, recycled, and simple malfunctioning chips. They can also build components such as SSDs or memory modules from scratch and put fake labels and marks on them.
Large PC manufacturers tend to buy chips directly from manufacturers, so it is unlikely to buy laptops containing counterfeit components from the top five suppliers. Smaller commercial and industrial equipment manufacturers buy chips directly from their manufacturers (or developers, such as fabless suppliers such as AMD or Qualcomm) or large distributors (such as Arrow, Avnet, Ingram Micro, or Mouser). These companies sell tens of billions of dollars worth of chips each year, and they are vital to the industry.
But in a world where manufacturers cannot get enough chips from their usual partners, they may sometimes have to buy components from small distributors on the open market. Distributors obtain chips from a variety of sources, including large manufacturers with surpluses and some less trustworthy suppliers. Sometimes, these distributors unintentionally (and sometimes intentionally) sell counterfeit chips. Most manufacturers understand the risks and tend to purchase and test components from known and reliable sources before use, but under the current circumstances, some manufacturers may take risks.
can not avoid
Today, it is almost impossible to buy fake graphics cards, motherboards or laptops, but it is possible to buy products with components that have not been properly tested and/or have unreliable sources. It is much easier to obtain counterfeit memory modules or solid-state drives because they are fairly easy to counterfeit. It is not difficult to replace PC components, so although any counterfeit products will bring risks, the risks of computer components are not high.
Today, we use dozens of electronic devices that may be equipped with forged components. Some devices do not play a key role, but various smart home products are important to daily life and may actually affect safety. Unfortunately, you never know what is inside these components and how they will perform in the long run.