The U.S. House of Representatives passed two bills, Human resources 2225 with Human Resources3593, This week as part of a broader effort by the U.S. government to invest in U.S. technological prowess. These bills will now be submitted to the U.S. Senate, which respectively passed the U.S. Innovation and Competition Act of 2021 (S.1260) A very similar goal was achieved earlier this month.
This legislative entanglement is designed to help the United States maintain its leading position in the global semiconductor industry and reduce its impact. Chip shortage in the future. US President Joe Biden has Support these efforts, But the bill itself changed dramatically when it passed the House of Representatives and the Senate.
HR 2225 approves funding to the National Science Foundation (NSF) until 2026. It also extends NSF’s responsibilities in STEM education and climate system research, “food-energy-water” systems, and “our predictive capabilities.” “Extreme events and natural disasters, including epidemics,” continue to move forward.
HR 3593 Supports Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX), the Office of Science of the Department of Energy and Chair of the Science Committee of the House of Representatives Features As “important, stable and sustainable growth for extensive research in the office, from climate science to quantum science, and everything in between.”
S.1260 approved a similar investment, but also instructed the Office of Science and Technology Policy to formulate a strategy “to improve the country’s competitiveness in science, research, and innovation to support the national security strategy.” It also includes direct support to the semiconductor industry through this requirement:
“The Department of Commerce should (1) establish supply chain resilience and crisis response plans to address supply chain gaps and vulnerabilities in key industries, (2) designate regional technology centers to promote activities that support regional economic development, and spread innovation across the United States . States, and (3) grant grants to facilitate the development and implementation of comprehensive regional technology strategies.”
Lobbying groups such as the American Semiconductor Alliance (SIAC) praise S.1260 was adopted on June 8, in view of its Obvious economic motivation, And Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA) call Pass the bill in the House of Representatives. Instead, the House of Representatives chose different bills, such as HR 2225 and HR 3593.
Johnson explained her (and most of the House Science Committee) questions about S.1260 in an article article For the scientific and technical issues published in April:
“When planning the course for the future of science and innovation in the United States, science policy makers must focus on the contributions of other research fields as well as the complex social and economic aspects of emerging technologies. We have seen these clearly in the rise of emerging technologies. In terms of the gig economy, and the consequences of general social technology. I also began to understand that although competition with China may be a slogan of politicians, it is not encouraging to students and scholars who are eager to use their science to solve practical problems. People’s hearts. Their own backyard.”
Johnson also stated that NSF’s efforts to encourage innovation must be “cross-institutional, cross-demographic, cross-geographical, cross-academic, and cross-point of view.” She said that the measures formulated in S.1260 are not so inclusive, but are beneficial to top research institutions.
All of this means that the House of Representatives and the Senate share a common goal in protecting and promoting American innovation. They disagree on how to achieve this goal, and perhaps to the chagrin of the semiconductor industry, is how they think the federal government should allocate funds related to these efforts.